The Egyptian Spine Journal, the official journal of the Egyptian Spine Association, is a national/international and multidisciplinary open access journal that publishes original, peer-reviewed articles on research and treatment related to the spine and high-quality, ethical, evidence-based spine care, including basic science and clinical investigations. The Egyptian Spine Journal (ESJ) publishes full-length articles (in the form of Clinical Studies and Basic Science papers), Technical Reports, Review Articles, Case Reports, Letters to the Editor and a number of other special features. All submissions are accepted with the understanding that they have not been, and will not be, published elsewhere substantially in any format. Also, there should be no ethical concerns with the content or data collection. ESJ reserves the right to request any research materials on which the paper is based.